Will there soon police officers in residence in schools ? The minister of the interior, Christophe Castaner, does not prohibit to consider. At the end of a strategic committee, Friday 26 October, bringing together Jean-Michel Blanquer, the minister of national education, Nicole Belloubet, the minister of justice, and Lawrence Nuñez, secretary of State for the interior, it has advanced the idea of bringing the police into the schools, among other measures to try to placate the crisis that has befallen the educational community for a week.
The video of a teacher, trained with a weapon dummy by his student, at a secondary school in Créteil, has triggered a wave of testimonies of teachers who are victims of violence. A plan of action to combat violence in schools must be presented on Tuesday 30 by the council of ministers.
The form that could take the police presence is still unclear. Mr. Castaner was referred to two cases separate : a “permanence” in institutions who wish to make the link between the different institutions, and on the other hand it is possible to have periods of ” tension, police officers inside an establishment.
” It is original !, quips a senior college under the guise of anonymity. In a twenty-year career in education a priority, I’ve never seen a single place where the principal did not have a direct number to contact the gendarmerie or the police. “
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not to mention that an experiment of this type has already seen the light of day, in 2006, and that it has fizzled, remember Anne Wuilleumier, a sociologist at the national Institute of higher studies of security and justice and the author, in 2016, a report on the interventions of police officers and gendarmes in middle school.
The presence of a “policeman referent” has been experienced in fifty-three institutions priority of the Hauts-de-Seine in 2006, under the impetus of the general council, then led by Nicolas Sarkozy. But she stopped after a few years : “there were moments where the police had nothing to do and at the same time the incidents occurred outside of their hours,” says the sociologist. The idea of the coming of the forces of law and order in a preventive aim, therefore, is not new.
” The school is not a home recovery, but a place of learning, has also responded to the CIPF. This is not putting a policeman behind each of the teachers that we will pay an increasing problem, “said the federation of pupils’ parents.
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Mistrust of young people
other countries have chosen to “résidentialiser” police in the school premises. In the United States, we observe a surprising phenomenon : the officer, who is not called upon to respond every morning to ” serious misconduct “, becomes conveniently an extra adult, employable by the institution for tasks unrelated to its function.
The distrust of young people vis-à-vis the police can be a hindrance to the effectiveness of such devices. “Our students have a report to the police a little complicated,” euphémise Fabienne Giuliani, teacher at the lycée Utrillo in Stains (Seine-Saint-Denis). Indeed, it is the one of the nodes of the problem : the police presence intended to resolve “tensions” will be reserved for significant establishments. But they are also the ones where the distrust of the forces of the order is the highest, according to several studies, including one conducted in 2014 on a panel of college of the Bouches-du-Rhône, which was attended by the sociologist Sebastian Roché. “In a place where the police are poorly accepted, which is the case in the majority of institutions disadvantaged, the intervention of a police officer is going to cause other problems,” he predicts.
And these additional problems, specifically, the teachers do not want one. At the lycée Utrillo, where a new assistant principal as “former policeman” is expected to take up his duties on 5 November, a strike is scheduled on that day. In the spring, a student was attacked with blows of the hammer on the square. “It is necessary to work on the school climate, argues Fabienne Giuliani, with educational means “, that is to say, of the superintendents and of the principal educational advisers (CPE), but also teams to be more stable.
At the collège Pablo-Neruda of Pierrefitte-sur-Seine (Seine-Saint-Denis), the teachers have called for more resources after the assault of a CPE in 2017. They got a half-position of CPE. “But more importantly, the team is less renewed than usual, highlights Camille Moro, a professor of history and geography. With a turnover less important, we can breathe a little.” The situations seem to improve when it is on the part of the collective life.
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Why not give the taste of the day, the mediators, these people paid by the municipality, who were the parents of dropouts and could feel it rise, when it arrived, the next brawl ? Was Utrillo, Fabienne Giuliani has known a until 2014. The principal of the college who wished to remain anonymous, had his own also when he was heading an institution sensitive to Beaucaire (Gard). “She saved the day when a parent came to fight with us,” he remembers. They knew each other from the neighborhood, the voltage fell immediately. “
The municipalities have stopped funding these positions are associated, according to the main, to the failure of a policy of ” big brothers “, which was to focus on the people of the district to make social mediation. “Of course, he had to choose his mediator, just as he must choose his or her supervisor today, annoys there. Nothing is simple when one wants to tackle sincerely to a complex problem. “Too complex, no doubt to be resolved by the simple effect of the uniform.